New Year's Eve DWI Advice
Law enforcement in Dallas, Fort Worth, and across Texas will be increasing the numbers of officers on patrol during New Year’s Eve, and all with one goal in mind – pulling over drivers and making DWI arrests. The two questions that new clients most often ask me when they’re facing a Driving While Intoxicated charge are: (1) What should I have done before I was arrested for DWI, and (2) What should I do immediately after I am arrested for DWI?
I had a judge once tell me that, “If the Miranda warnings are supposed to advise defendants of their rights, they do an awfully lousy job. They should say, ‘You have the right to remain silent. You have the right to an attorney. And if your attorney were here right now he’d tell you to shut up and don’t say anything to me!’”
While my judge was trying to be funny, he really was not far from the truth. The problem I see over and over again with citizens who are detained by the police is that they often believe there is something they can say or do to avoid being arrested for DWI. The simple fact is that once the officer has pulled someone over and determines that the person has been drinking alcohol, it’s almost certain that the officer is going to arrest the driver regardless of whether or not they’re actually intoxicated.
However, clients believe that they can somehow talk their way out of being arrested, do a really good job on the field sobriety tests, or just fully cooperate with the officer and that the officer will let them go. In reality, the client is actually just giving the police officer evidence that the prosecutor will use to try and prove that the client was, in fact, intoxicated.
So, if I were with my client before they were arrested for driving while intoxicated, I would tell them to do the following:
1. If you have been drinking, call a cab, get someone to drive you home, or just stay at a friend’s house for the night. If you have truly had too much to drink, there’s no reason for you to be driving and put your life and others’ lives in danger. On the other hand, if you have been drinking but you’re not intoxicated, there’s still a strong likelihood that you will be pulled over and arrested simply because you have consumed alcohol, even if you are not intoxicated.
2. If you are going to drink alcohol and drive, make sure you eat a meal that includes protein and complex carbohydrates before you start drinking. Alcohol is a completely water-soluble compound, which means it is quickly and easily absorbed into the blood stream through the small intestine. That means that anything which delays the stomach from emptying the alcohol you consume into the small intestine will decrease not only the rate of alcohol absorption, but also the intensity of the effects that alcohol has on your mental and physical faculties.
3. If you drive and you get pulled over, be polite and courteous to the officer at all times. Don’t argue with the officer or refuse to identify yourself. However, while being polite and courteous, do not “cooperate” with the officer. Do not answer any questions the officer asks you about where you are coming from, where you are going to, what you’ve had to eat, what you’ve had to drink, how much you’ve had to drink, whether or not you feel safe to drive, when you started drinking, and when you stopped drinking. There is no correct way for you to answer these questions. Remember, the officer is not asking you these questions to determine whether or not you are intoxicated and to let you go – he’s asking these questions to use against you at trial. When the officer begins to question you, simply say, “I’d like to have my lawyer present with me before I answer any questions.”
4. Do not agree to perform any field sobriety tests. The officer has a uniform, a gun, and is in a position of authority on the side of the road, but he can’t compel you to perform field sobriety tests if you don’t want to do them. As a former prosecutor, I can tell you from experience that the field sobriety tests have never been scientifically validated by any peer reviewed studies, and they are in fact designed to make you look drunk. Again, if the officer asks you to perform the field sobriety tests, simply tell him, “I’d like to have my lawyer present and I don’t want to do any tests.”
Remember, if you have been drinking and you get pulled over, you’re most likely going to be arrested for driving while intoxicated regardless of whether you’re actually intoxicated. However, it makes it far more difficult for you to be prosecuted for DWI if you follow the above advice instead of trying to talk your way out of a DWI. In our next article, I’ll tell you what to do after you have been arrested for DWI.
If you or someone you know is arrested for Driving While Intoxicated, make sure you contact the criminal defense attorneys at Chad West, PLLC in Dallas, Texas for aggressive representation of your Driving While Intoxicated case. Our phones are answered 24/7 at (214) 509-7555.
Authored by Jonathan Michell, Criminal Defense Attorney