As too many people have found out, being attacked by a dog can be an extremely terrifying moment. Thankfully, there are laws in place to help protect you from having to forego recovery out of your own pocket.
Negligent owners of dogs or other animals can generally be held liable under four distinct, but often related, theories: negligent handling of animals, dangerous domesticated animals, wild animals, and Texas Dangerous Dog Act.
Negligent Handling of an Animal
Negligent handling of an animal is a cause of action under the negligence theory of tort law. This means the owner or person possessing the animal did not do their duty to prevent the attack from happening.
Dangerous Domesticated Animals
Dangerous domesticated animals refers to people having traditionally “wild” animals as domestic pets. Such cases fall under the “strict liability” theory of tort law. The dangerous propensities of dangerous domesticated animals can be greater given their heightened natural instincts.